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What's Presented Here?

Here's a diagram of the information presented with each of the 43 prints below.

The photos are not very high quality here, the real prints are clearer and more vibrant. 

Every print was issued with what I call a Spec Card and an Intro Letter, at least initially this was the case.  Only a photo of the print is shown here.  Go to the Cards & Letters page to learn more about them.  The bottom left corner of each print bears a copyright date.  Many of the prints were issued numerous times with various copyright dates. If you have a print with a copyright date not listed, let me know and I'll add it.  Besides the copyright date, each print contains artist Nixon Galloway's signature and his version of the aircraft's name.  Sometimes the name listed on the spec card varies slightly from Nick's version.



The United Airlines Collector Series Prints


Note: Do not copy, reprint or distribute any of the content herein without first receiving written permission from Freestone Inc. This information is copyrighted.

(Dom Quirk #1: Plane position. In 17 of the prints Galloway paints the aircraft heading to the right, in 26 they are heading to the left. Only one plane is on the ground (#21). Only one is landing (#25), only one is taking-off (#43).)

(Dom Quirk #2: Flight time/weather. One print clearly shows a night flight (#11), but many show dark stormy skies.  It's snowing during only one flight (#30).)




#1      No Date, 1975,1976,1977

Boeing 40B-4   1929-1932
The green and grey fuselage Boeing 40B-4 of Pacific Air Transport operated as a unit of United Air Lines and flew "The Friendly Skies" from 1929 to 1932. Power was supplied by the P&W Hornet, 525 hp engine. It could accommodate 1 pilot, 4 passengers and 500 lbs of mail.  Range: 535 miles.  Max speed: 137 mph.



#2     
1973,1975,1976,1977

Ryan M-1   1926-1927
Pacific Air Transport (later, one of the carriers that was to form United Air Lines) was the first commercial customer for Claude Ryan's mail/passenger Model 1. This new monoplane was designed specifically in anticipation of new airmail routes to be awarded. A triangle-shaped door allowed access to the front cockpit where two passengers (or one passenger and one sack of mail) sat side by side. It flew for PAT in 1926-27. 




#3    
1973,1975,1976,1977,1978

Curtiss Carrier Pigeon   1926-1929

Designed and built for N.A.T. only, and purely as a mail/cargo carrier, the Carrier Pigeon flew from 1926 until 1929. The four wing sections were interchangeable, as were all the symmetrical airfoil tail surfaces. Though not a favorite of pilots, the Carrier Pigeon had a remarkable safety record.




#4     1973,1975,1976,1977,1978

Boeing Model 80A   1929-1930
Comfort graced "The Friendly Skies" with the introduction of Boeing's Model 80A. This grey, green and orange tri-motor, one of 16 built between 1928 and 1930, flew with United until replaced by the Boeing 247 in the early 1930's. The Model 80A provided new comfort and luxury to airline passengers, who were accompanied by a registered nurse, the first United stewardess. 



#5     1973,1975,1976,1977,1978,1980
 
Ford Tri-Motor   1926-1933
The "Queen of the Airways" whose reign lasted until 1933 when newer and faster twin-engined equipment replaced her, the "tri-motor" instilled friendly confidence into passengers and pilots alike. She proudly flew "The Friendly Skies" from 1926 to 1933. Power was supplied by three 420 hp P&W "Wasps" and her cruise speed was 122 mph.



#6    
1973,1975,1976,1977,1979

Boeing 221A- "Monomail"   1930
Though the pilot was exposed to the elements, eight passengers sat in comfort behind the 575 hp P&W "Hornet" B, on the Cheyenne-Chicago route for United Air Lines. The 221-A underwent many modifications in the short time it was in service and for a period of time flew its route without United markings. 



#7     1973,1975,1976,1977

Boeing 247-D   1933-1942
After its maiden flight in February, 1933, United Air Lines accepted delivery in April for its eastern division.  As the first low-winged, all-metal, twin-engined air transport on the scheduled airlines, its speed, comfort and safety created excitement in airline circles and was quickly accepted by the public--making all other transports suddenly obsolete. 



#8     1973,1975,1976,1978,1979,1980

Douglas DC-3   1936-1956
Probably the best known aircraft in the world for over 30 years, nearly 11,000 DC-3's were built as commercial and military models. The DC-3 carried 21 passengers, 2 pilots and a stewardess. Cruising speed was 185 mph with a range of 1510 miles and the time coast to coast was 15 1/2 hours. Power was supplied by two P&W 1200 hp "Wasps."   




#9     1975,1976,1978,1979,1980

Travel Air 5000   1928-1929
National Air Transport brought the rugged Travelair to their minimal fleet in 1927. NAT, a prime mail carrier, used the "5000" to add passenger revenue to its Mid-West hops. In the first year of service, the three-to-five place Travelairs carried a total of 1560 passengers, adding handsomely to the profitability of the fledgling airline.



#10   
1975,1976,1978,1979

Lockheed Lodestar   1941-1942
The Loadstar was an enlarged and improved Model 14--the civilian version of the famed Lockheed Hudson.  Featuring Fowler-Lockheed flaps and a pair of Wright R-1820 engines, the L-18 cruised at 200 mph.  At the outbreak of WWII United's Lodestars joined the U.S. Army and was adapted for towing gliders, as a hospital plane, cargo and troop transport.  




#11    
1975,1976,1978,1979

Convair 340   1952-1968
The early postwar years brought changes rapidly to America's airlines. New technology, learned quickly during the war years, brought about new and faster aircraft almost quicker than the airlines could adjust to them.  The Convair 340 carried 44 passengers in 2 abreast, 4 wide seating. Cruise speed was 275 mph.




#12    
1975,1976,1979

Douglas M-3   1927-1928
Douglas aircraft joined the United fleet in 1926 with National Air Transport. The M-3 was chosen to replace the war-surplus DeHavillands that were flying the mail routes and brought greater speed, a greater load capacity, and more reliability and safety. Power was derived from a 400 hp  Liberty engine. Cruise speed was 115 mph.   




#13    
1975,1976,1979

Boeing Stratocruiser   1950-1954
As in the case where the military-funded B-9 bomber led to the innovative Boeing 247-D, the Stratocruiser came into being from Boeing's research and development on the B-29 Stratofortress.  Power was supplied by 4-3500 hp P&W "Wasp Majors. "Cruise speed was 300 mph and range was 4,600 miles.




#14    
1976, 1979

Ford 2-AT   1925
For all intents, the Stout designed "Pullman" was the first all-metal commercial aircraft to be built in the U.S.  Stout Metal Airplane Company engineers, probably prompted by "Tony" Fokker's tri-plane success of 1925, redesigned the "Pullman" and added three 200 hp Wright "Whirlwinds" in place of the single 400 hp Liberty 12.



#15     1976,1978,1979

Curtiss Falcon   1929-1930
Glenn Curtiss and his aerodynamic foresight brought many superb aircraft to the skies, continuing through the years of WWII. This 1929, one-of-a-kind "Falcon" had its roots in designs created for the Army Air Service in 1925. Though most "Falcons" built utilized the dependable Liberty 12 engine, the National Air Transport version illustrated was the only "geared Conqueror" engine.




#16    
1976,1979

Fokker "Universal"   1927-1928
The "Universal" accommodated 1 pilot and 4-6 passengers.  It featured a steel tube and fabric fuselage and empennage with a wood rib and spar cantilevered wing, covered with veneer. Originally powered by a 9 cylinder, 200 hp J-4 "Whirlwind," the 1928 version featured the 220 hp J-5 and some "streamlining" modifications. 



#17
     1976,1979

Stearman M-2 "Speedmail"   1929-1930
The "Speedmail" M-2 was typical Stearman design except for its size--nearly twice as large as the usual biplane. Designed by Lloyd Stearman and V.P. of Engineering, Mac Short at the Stearman plant in Wichita, the "Speedmail" was built to the specifications of Walter Varney of Varney Air Lines.  Five of these big beauties flew the Varney routes with outstanding dependability.


#18     1976

Pitcairn PA-5 "Mailwing"   1927-1928
When most aircraft being built in the mid-20's looked very similar to the WW-1 trainers that were "barnstorming" every country field across the U.S., one enterprising airplane enthusiast employed a top designer to build a "new" kind of airplane. In 1925 Agnew Larsen began designing a series of biplanes that culminated in the beauty of Mr. Pitcairn's 1927 PA-5 "Mailwing," used extensively on airmail routes spanning the country.   



#19
     1976

Swallow Mailplane C-6   1926
On April 26, 1926, the first C.A.M. flight took place on a desolate northwest air mail route won by the sole bidder, a California air taxi and flying school operator, Walter T. Varney. From this austere beginning grew the major U.S. airlines of today with the Varney flight, in essence, being the origin of United Airlines.  Max speed of 118 mph.  Gas capacity of 56 gallons. Useful Load: 1,200 lbs.


#20 
   1977,1978,1979

Waco "Taperwing" 10T   1929
The Waco Taperwing was built by the Advance Aircraft Co, of Troy, Ohio. The 10T was powered by the 220 hp Wright J-5, though the entire chrome-moly and spruce airframe structure was stressed to handle a 450 hp engine. A hinged metal panel covered the two-place front cockpit area, which was utilized for mail and cargo.  Pacific Air Transport, soon to become part of United Air Lines, used the speedy 10T to haul mail.  



#21     1977,1978,1979

Curtiss Carrier Pigeon, Model 2   1929-1930

The Carrier Pigeon Model II was indeed a "beauty" when compared to the "beast" Model I. Except for the name and size, the only point of resemblance was the fact that they were both biplanes and built by Curtiss. The big Model II was powered by a geared-down 12 cylinder V-type "Conqueror" engine built by Curtiss - the same 600 hp engine that powered the earlier Falcon. 



#22    
1977,1978,1979

Boeing 95   1929-1930

Unlike the earlier "40" series, the "95" featured rounded wing-tips and a large degree of interplane wing stagger. The built-up spruce wing outerpanels were fabric-covered, but ailerons, aft fuselage, and tail-group were metal framed and covered with "Alclad" corrugated sheeting. Formed aluminum panels covered the forward fuselage and mail/cargo hatches. National Air Transport and the Boeing System flew the "Ninety Five." 



#23   
1977,1978,1979

Breese 5 Monoplane   1927

This airplane is by far the rarest and least documented bird in our collection. In 1926 or 1927 Walter Varney of Varney Airlines bought the only Breese 5 to go into commercial service.  We know the Breese 5 illustrated here was never registered, and little or no record of its technical data was kept, except that it was powered originally by a 200 hp Wright J-4 engine, and later by a 225 hp J-5.
    

 



#24    
1977,1979

Vickers Viscount    1955-1968

In 1953-54 Capital Airlines, the country's fourth largest airline, agreed to purchase 60 Viscounts from Vickers-Armstrong, Ltd. of Surrey, England. The first Viscount of this $70.3 million purchase began flying the Chicago-Washington, D.C. route in July 1955, and immediately found favor with the traveling public.  The Viscounts, powered by Rolls Royce Dart engines, flew in United's fleet until 1968.




#25
    1977,1979

Travel Air BM-4000   1929
The BM-4000 was powered by a nine cylinder Wright J-5 engine and was originally designed as a sportcraft. When air mail was opened to commercial interests, the plane was modified to carry cargo. Pacific Air Transport, for example, adopted the 3 seater sport plane to carry mail and cargo in the front cockpit, instead of passengers on its Los Angeles-Seattle route.

 


#26     1978,1979

Douglas DC-4   1946-1957
The DC-4's design was undertaken in 1936 at the urging of United president Wm. A. "Pat" Patterson, who offered to underwrite half of the engineering costs. In June 1938, the first airplane rolled out of the Douglas plant in Santa Monica, California. Before Douglas could begin production, the Secretary of War asked United to cancel its order, so Douglas could concentrate its production on an unpressurized military version, the C-54.

#27     1978,1979

Fairchild C-82   1947
On October 1, 1947*, a specially equipped Packet inaugurated in-flight mail sorting over the original coast-to-coast air mail route from New York to San Francisco. Fitted out like a "flying post office," the Packet's in-flight mail sorting experiment proved to be unfeasible and was discontinued. The C-82 prototype flew in 1944 and over 200 were built before Fairchild began producing an improved model, the C-119.

* The correct date is October 1, 1946.  See Blog Entry 08/07/2011 for explanation.

#28     1978,1979

Lockheed L-049 Constellation    1950-1961
For many, the Lockheed Constellation, and its ultimate development the Starliner, represent the pinnacle of propeller airliner design - certainly its graceful lines are unrivaled by any other aircraft of its type. The first "Connie" took off in January 1943. Although they were still active at the time of the United-Capital merger in 1961, the Connies were retired, never to fly the United colors.



#29     1978,1979

Stearman C-3B   1928-1929
Varney Air Lines was the first and one of the largest users of Lloyd Stearman's excellent line of biplanes. His original design was introduced at Clover Field in Santa Monica, California in 1927. The Varney Air Lines version of the C3B was powered by a 200 hp, 9 cylinder, Wright J4. Other powerplants included the original 180 hp "Hisso," the OX-5, and in 1928, the big "Whirlwind" J5.

#30     1978

Douglas DC-6
   1947-1969
Domestic flight of the Mainliner 300 began in April 1947, following five months of training and proving flights. During the months of the test flights, the DC-6's logged more than 600,000 miles. A March 29th flight bested the existing Los Angeles-New York record, cutting it to 6 hours 47 minutes and 13 seconds. With the introduction of the DC-6, pressurized high altitude flight became a reality for United. 



#31     1978

Ford 4-AT     1926
The Stout 4AT utilized a lengthened "Pullman" wing and fuselage, plus 3-200 hp Wright "Whirlwind" J-4 engines. The corrugated dura-clad covering was identical to the "Pullman" and was to remain so throughout the production life of all future tri-motors. Records are scarce as to the number of 4AT's built, but sources show at least one flew with National Air Transport.


#32  
   1979

DeHavilland D.H.-4B   1926-1927
The DeHavilland DH-4B "Liberty Plane" was the United States air offering to our World War 1 commitment. Built from British plans in three U.S. factories, the U.S. DH-4 did not see Axis territory until Mid-1918.  Of the nearly 5,000 DH-4s constructed, only 1,000 or so ever went to war. Both National Air Transport and Pacific Air Transport flew mail in the DH-4.

#33     1979

Douglas DC-7   1954-1960
The Douglas DC-7 first flew on My 18, 1953 and entered airline service six months later. A top speed of 410 mph made it the world's fastest piston-powered commercial airliner, and its extended range allowed the DC-7 to span the United States non-stop. United ordered 25 DC-7s for delivery beginning in April, 1954. Most DC-7s had been removed from passenger service by 1964, with the few remaining in the fleet relegated to pilot training, devoid of United's red, white and blue.


#34     
1979    

Fokker F-TEN-A   1931
Fokker tri-motors were newsmakers and record setters in the late '20s and early '30s. Commander Byrd's "Over the Pole" flight and the first West Coast to Honolulu passage were successful in Fokkers, as was a 1929 flight endurance record of 150 hours, 40 minutes and 15 seconds established by three young Air Corps officers: Major Carl Spatz, Captain Ira Eaker and Lieutenant Elwood Quesada.   


#35     1979

SUD Caravelle     1961-1971
The fuselage-mounted twin-jet Caravelle was designed and built at the SUD aviation plant in Toulouse, France. With original orders committed to Air France, the Caravelle first flew in May of 1955.  In February of 1960, United Airlines announced the $60 million purchase of 20 Caravelles.  Seating 64 in First Class-only service, the new jet Mainliner was a pleasant time-saving experience between the Chicago and New York business hubs. 




#36
     1979,1981

Northrop "Alpha" 2   1931
The racy, high-performance "Alpha" 2 was the first of a line of Northrop transports that pioneered modern all-metal construction. So light and strong, the same 3-section wing construction was specified on the prototype Douglas DC-1 and was retained throughout the years of DC-2 and DC-3 construction.




#37     1979,1980

Douglas DC-8   1959-
The DC-8 inaugurated jet service with United in September of 1959, sixteen months after its maiden flight. The DC-8 became the backbone of the United fleet.  Power was supplied by 4 P&W JT 3/4 jet engines. Cruise speed was 545 mph and she carried 129 passengers. Payload was 35-45,000 lbs and range was 4-7,000 miles.



#38
     1980

Aerial Mercury   1926
Designed and built by the Aerial Service Corporation of Hammondsport, New York, the Mercury was a 3-place commercial biplane that was available with either a Wright radial or Curtiss liquid-cooled engine.  National Air Transport added Mercury number 15 to its inventory in 1926. There is no history of its use or serviceability, but it remained in NAT service for nearly 2 1/2 years.



#39     1980

Boeing 720   1960-1972
After introducing 5-hour continental jet flight with the 707, Boeing engineers "stretched" the 707 airframe to produce the 707-320 "Intercontinental." When some of the major airlines started looking around for a shorter range jet than the 707, Boeing engineers "shrunk" the airframe this time and created the 720.  With a max cruising speed was 600 mph she carried 149 passengers.




#40 
    1980

Douglas Super DC-3   1950-1953
The early post-World War II era brought rapid changes to air transport technology, and new aircraft designs were making the DC-3 look and act "old." Douglas engineers began to look at modernizing the bird that had grown from the 1933 plans of the DC-1. Despite a hard-sell sales blitz led by Donald Douglas Sr and Jr., only Capital Airlines purchased the "Super DC-3."


#41 
    1980,1981

Boeing 727-100   1964
The Boeing 727 tri-jet flew first in February of 1963. Powered by three fuselage-mounted P&W JT8D-1 turbofans with thrust reverses, the 727 featured a unique wing with 2-part full-span leading edge retractable slats on each wing; triple-slotted trailing edge flaps; hydraulically powered ailerons, inboard (high speed) and outboard (low speed) in conjunction with spoilers on the upper wing surface.




#42 (?)    
1981

Stinson SM-8A   1931-1933
The Stinson "Junior" SM-8A was introduced in 1930 when most other aircraft manufacturers were cutting their staffs and slowing production as the economic conditions in the U.S. worsened. Constructed of chrome-moly steel tube fuselage and built-up wooden wings, the entire frame was fabric covered.  Safe and easy to fly, the "Junior" was a popular personal and business plane.



#43 (?)
   1981

Boeing 747   1970
The Super Jet was a billion dollar undertaking. It first flew in February of 1969. Majestic, spacious and comfortable, the 747 was designed to seat up to 450 passengers and cruise at more that 600 m.p.h., at 35,000 feet, with a range up to 6,000 miles. The 747 weighs in at 350 tons, 40 times the weight of a DC-3, and can hold 48,000 gallons of fuel.